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Medicines, Hospital Tank Kits
The medicines on this page are intended for aquarium use only. Keep out of reach of children. Caution: Not for human consumption. For aquarium/ornamental fish only. Not for fish used for human consumption.

Disease descriptions, help choosing treatments
Owing to the mutation and severity of fish diseases and parasites now in circulation, most of the items we once carried don't do anything. National Fish Pharmaceuticals makes products worth using, they do sell retail online. We have their ich remedy in stock as of spring 2012, and an anti-parasitic for internal parasites. We have seen enough to close our aquarium service and only service tanks that we stocked before the plague. Between the economy, my shoulder injury in an auto accident, and the sadness of watching beautiful fish die of superinfections, right now is just not a good time to set up a new aquarium. The principles of getting through the plagues will be going into a book. The handful of products on this page are all we will be stocking. When they are gone, we will discontinue them except for NFP items. Needless to say, quarantine tanks are ALWAYS a good idea. The internal worm type parasites presently being distributed can wipe out your tank, but take 4 or 5 months to appear. So buy a spare tank if you are going to buy new fish.
Generally beneficial treatments Hospital / Quarantine Tank Supply List
Fish Anatomy by Mardel. * Environmental Factors Checklist

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True Fungus, Anti-fungal and Antibiotic treatments

Because parasite 'bites' can get infected, fungal infections can add to a bacterial infection, and you have to treat both components, I have lumped fungus and bacterial fungus together. One product may not treat all the fishes' problems, but all of the Mardel products (Maroxy, Maracyn and Coppersafe) can be used together without negative interactions. The following category information comes from Mardel's package insert/product guide:

Click add to cart image or the photo to add an item to your cart. You can always remove it later. Thanks for visiting.
 

Ich, Velvet, Flukes, treatments.

The most effective product may not be the safest. See individual item info on what fish it isn't safe for. I use a saltwater dip followed by a parasitic treatment that is safe for that species of fish. I have dipped Clown loaches and otocinclus, who can't tolerate salt, but it's a 30 second dip at 2 percent to weaken the ich. I use free-running table salt (no iodine). It also TOTALLY failed on the new strain of ich in December 2010 for any fish that couldn't tolerate salt dips of over 2 minutes. I lost all my loaches, rainbows, etc. Keeping tank temp around 83 degrees F helps a lot too. I never put salt in my tanks and I have a lot of healthy fish. (Texas water has sufficient natural salts, I'm not exactly running DI or RO here.)
Crypto Pro SHOULD work on the new strains of marine and freshwater ich, it contains quinine, an old remedy that the newer ichs are not yet immune to. Never shorten dosage on a medicine, you end up with a resistant bacteria or parasite!

  Please email good or bad comments on the following meds. Feedback is appreciated.
 
Qty 1673 Crypto-Pro Ich and Hexamita Treatment 20 gm, treats 715 gals one dose. Multiple doses required. We keep this in stock. Treats resistant strains that do not respond to copper or formalin. More Info Our Price: $16.00
  True Fungus Whitish tufts of cotton-like material on the fin, tail, and body at sites of injury. Diagnosis: The fish has true body, mouth and eye fungus, a fungus infection -- treat with MarOxy, Methylene Blue, Melafix or Pimafix. Use an antibiotic if needed to prevent secondary infections.
  A simple saltwater dip will often clear up minor fungal infections. See Saltwater dip on the FishNote page. Good water quality and temperature appropriate to the species also help. See the checklist for water quality and temp guidelines.
  Methylene Blue from all manufacturers except Fritz appears to be discontinued. Please Order from http://www.fritzpet.com - we only keep enough for our fish on hand.
  External Antibiotics. Visible infection of wounds, fin rot, external bacterial infections. Body Fungus: Greyish-white stringy material covering much of the body; white or grey patches. (Not furry.) This not a true fungus but a bacterial infection known as Columnaris or Body Fungus. Eye fungus or popeye are usually bacterial. Treat with Maracyn, MelaFix or NeoPlex.
  We are no longer stocking any Columnaris / body fungus products for resale. Your LFS (local fish store) or a major online dealer will be faster.

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Invisible Infections: Hexamita, septicemia, enteric septicemia.

I usually use Metronidazole or Tetracycline to treat invisible diseases that cause death, since the 2 I see most often are hexamita and enteric septicemia. The other most frequent winners are not invisible...ich and fin rot.. These can be very hard to diagnose. See the Medical Info page Knowing your species, and what species is prone to what disease, takes time, and I still make mistakes. Email if you aren't sure which product is better. Include fish species in tank (all of them), tank size, water change frequency, when you last bought new fish or who got sick first, temperature, pH, ammonia and nitrite test results, and any chemicals or medicines you may have added. (salt is a chemical.)

 

Cichlid Disease, Hexamita - and Binders for mixing medicines with foods

Metronidazole treats hexamita. Seachem is the current 2014 mfgr your LFS may have, or National Fish Pharmacy offers it as well. We keep enough around for our fish, but expiration dates worry me so you'll need to get it elsewhere. I've yet to see anything else work , and I've yet to see hexamita on cichlids that I treated prophylactically when I bought them. More information

 
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Ordinary Septicemia, dropsy, internal infections

Internal infections, septicemia and dropsy are considered 'gram-negative' infections. These have few external symptoms, but can be contagious and fatal. More information
Enteric Septicemia once responded to just tetracycline. It has mutated. Romet soaked with edible tetracycline worked in 2009. At which point, I quit buying fish from my wholesaler. Found a new wholesaler that quarantines for ES. But distributes a resistant strain of freshwater ich. More research is needed. but the fish dealers that crowd tanks and partially treat illnesses are probably the source of the problem. Not your LFS. The giant fish wholesalers and importers in indochina and other oceanfront areas. I can't fix this one. Still have one box of Tetracycline that hasn't expired, but it will have to be used in combination, maybe with romet, and garlic oil, and perhaps it might work. AB. 7/11/2012. As of 2014 Many of the wholesalers have improved their treatment or the incidence of enteric septicemia has been reduced in some fashion, because I am not seeing it as often. Which is good because it takes a double whammy of different antibiotics each time. Check with National Fish Pharmacy for their recommendation and order meds from them if you see symptoms. The fishnote page has symptoms for different species.

 

Enteric Septicemia

Dec 19, 2006 note: Why is Enteric Septicemia stressed on this page, and antibiotics sorted by their effectiveness against ES? Because we keep finding it in aquariums we start servicing that are already stocked with sick fish. Recurrent dropsy, sores and ulcers may indicate ES but it often takes a 'signature' species to identify the problem. The red-eye tetra below has no mouth, most of its face is gone. It was alive at the time of photo. This is a signature case of ES.

too short/dilute tetracycline feed treatment I haven't seen an honest case of dropsy in 6 years, every one had another fish in the tank with ES symptoms. Enteric Septicemia is normally found in aquariums kept between 72 and 82 degrees, and seems to enter community aquariums most often on barbs, mollies, neon rainbowfish and donated plecos that have dined on the first group. Treatment is tetracycline for 6 to 7 days so far, although either due to pleco pellets or an initial 5 day dose of minocycline and misfortune I have at least one group of fish with tetracycline resistant ES to experiment on. KanaPlex was my last experimental drug - it failed totally. Holding tank temp outside range is a temporary survival tactic that is tough to do, but we have done so, holding temp near 90 degrees, for over 200 days. On about December 29 the tank temp will be allowed to return to normal. If the fish sicken and die, we will run the aquarium empty for a couple of days, and restock with quarantined fish. If they live for a couple of weeks between 72 and 82 degrees, we'll add more fish. The losses in this tank were horrendous over the last year and a half. But so far, the giant pleco is alive.
Enteric Septicemia symptom list by type of fish can be found on the Medical Info Page, as of June 2000, with a 2006 update.
Any fish exhibiting symptoms should be removed from the community aquarium. We have tetracycline in gel form, capsules and tablets. The capsules make the biggest mess, but may be the MOST effective. See products above this article.

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Hospital / Quarantine Tank Supply List
Fish Anatomy by Mardel. * Environmental Factors Checklist

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Hospital Tank Supplies

Hospital Tank Recommended Supply List
  1. Small tank or container of known volume. Recommend 5.5 gal or 10 gal tank for easy dosing.
  2. Sponge filter with air pump or corner filter with air pump, or external filter. I favor the sponge filters for hospital, quarantine tanks and especially breeding tanks. No openings to trap baby or wounded fish. Media must not include new carbon if tank will be medicated. Media must not include ammo-chips if tank will have salt in it.
  3. FritzZyme 7 to start the biological filter.
  4. Heater (50 watt for 10, 25 watt for 5.5, lamp or light for smaller tank.)

Fritz-Zyme #7
Copper, anti-fungal, antibiotic, and anti-parasitic treatments all cause at least some harm to your biological filter. A single product in an established tank does less harm, than using multiple products at one time, or using medicines in a new tank. I've tested Fritz-Zyme during multiple antibiotic treatments: Erthromycin + Minocycline + Copper will cause some filter damage on about day 3 of treatment. A single dose (4 oz.)Fritz-Zyme corrected the situation and relieved the fish's stress while I continued medicating their illness. No additional doses of Fritz Zyme were required once the medicine run was complete. The tank's filter was held in a healthy condition, not replaced by chemicals and enzymes.

Freshwater 8 oz, treats 20 gals. Bacteria in a bottle. This study and my research agree. Fritz-Zyme naturally processes ammonia and nitrites with real nitrosomonas and nitrobacter bacteria that multiply in your tank. Other products recommend that you add them once a week, so the enzymes that DON'T multiply can process the ammonia and nitrites, and starve your bio-filter. Use on new tanks, cycling tanks, and when medication damages your biological filter. 6 month maximum shelf life. Large sizes, saltwater, available.
Compare to $9.00 for 16 oz of products containing enzymes and millions of heterotrophic bacteria, that do not form a healthy biological filter. There is NO comparable product. (and major university studies agree.)

Generally beneficial treatments

This is a free item. IF you have a fish that looks sluggish (and the light's been on awhile), sick, red at the gills, gasping, gasping at the water's surface, having difficulty swimming, etc., test your water, for pH, ammonia and nitrites if you have tests. Even if you don't have tests, you may be able to help your fish by using small partial water changes to correct pH, begin to lower ammonia and nitrites.

A 10% water change every 4 hours will not hurt your fish, provided you dechlorinate the water. It may cause great improvement as long as you don't remove the biological filter. (See the Murphy page, maintenance section for tips.) Do not change the cartridge on your external filter or vacuum your gravel on your u/g. If you are already medicating, water changes remove the medicine, but the greatest cure is often good water quality. Avoiding chemicals, except a simple dechlorinator, usually helps your fish. Salt is a chemical, and is best used in a dip rather than dumped in the tank. Yes, this online store is here to make a profit, but the best medicine doesn't always have a price. We are very fond of fish.


Hospital / Quarantine Tank Supply List
Fish Anatomy by Mardel. * Environmental Factors Checklist


Monthly maintenance on your freshwater tank, or bi-weekly maintenance on your marine tank, will help to keep it, and your fish, healthy and attractive. We will accept special orders for very special supplies when it comes to medicines. If it ACTUALLY WORKS, we are interested. If they pass our testing standards, we will stock them on a regular basis.

Original information is © Copyright 1999 - 2014 by Alice Burkhart, All Rights Reserved.